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Automation with Cucumber JVM

Compatibility with Cucumber JVM 5 or greater

If your project uses a Cucumber JVM version older than 5, select the Cucumber 4 technology. Otherwise, if it uses Cucumber JVM 5 or posterior, select the Cucumber 5+ technology.

Test reference in Squash TM

Depending on the report test precision you wish to apply to your test case, you can refine it down to a feature (in the case your .feature file contains more than one feature, which is not recommended even though Cucumber allows it) or to a specific scenario.

In order to bind a Squash TM test case to a Cucumber automated test, the content of the Automated test reference field of the Automation block of a test case must have the following format:

(The reference always contains three # characters.)


  • [repository]: Name of the Git repository.

  • [project]: Path of the directory of the Cucumber project (i.e. the directory containing the pom.xml file).
    This parameter is optional, i.e. if the pom.xml file is at the root of the repository, this path is absent.

  • [feature_file]: Path and name of the Cucumber test file, from the previous directory (with the .feature extension).

  • [feature_name]: Feature name as specified in the Cucumber test file.
    This parameter is optional, i.e. the string [feature_name] may be empty.

  • [scenario]: Scenario name as specified in the Cucumber test file.
    This parameter is optional, i.e. the string [scenario] may be empty.

Example: repo/path/to/cucumber/project#path/to/test.feature#feature_name#scenario_name

Old syntax

Old versions of Squash Orchestrator used the following format:

  • [repository]: Name of the Git repository.
  • [feature_file]: Path and name of the Cucumber test file, from the root of the project (with the .feature extension).
  • [feature_name]: feature name as specified in the Cucumber test file.
    This parameter is optional, i.e. the last two components of the test reference may be absent.
  • [scenario]: scenario name as specified in the Cucumber test file.
    This parameter is optional, i.e. it may be absent.

Example: my_repo/path/to/my/test.feature#my_feature_name#my_scenario_name

This syntax is deprecated and should not be used. It is nevertheless still supported.
This syntax did not support Cucumber tests which are not at the root of the code repository.

Automated test reference and execution

The feature [feature_name] and scenario [scenario] precisions in the test reference have no impact on the execution, but only on the test result determination.
So, even when defining the specific level of the feature or scenario, all tests defined in the .feature file will be executed (this means, for example, that if several Squash TM test cases point toward the same file but with different features or scenarios, then all the file tests will be executed several times).
The test reports include the traces of all executed tests. But, only the Error / Failed / Success statuses corresponding to the specific feature or scenario are used to determinate the test case result.


If a scenario name is not specified, the result of each executed Squash TM test case is calculated by taking into account the individual results of each scenario included in the bound file:

  • If at least one scenario has an Error status (in case of a technical issue), the status of the execution will be Blocked.
  • If at least one scenario fails functionally and none of the other has an Error status, the status of the execution will be Failed.
  • If all scenarios succeed, the status of the execution will be Success.

No support of cucumber-junit-platform-engine

The current implementation of Squash Orchestrator uses the mvn -Dcucumber.features=path/to/mytest.feature option to specify the .feature file to be executed.
This option is not managed by cucumber-junit-platform-engine. This results in the fact that launching a Cucumber test, in the orchestrator, executes all the tests of the Maven project.
In order to avoid this issue, the junit-vintage-engine engine must be used.

If your tests are using cucumber-junit-platform-engine, you can modify them to instead use junit-vintage-engine as described here:

  • in the pom.xml file
    should be replaced by
  • in the test root file
    import org.junit.platform.suite.api.IncludeEngines;
    import org.junit.platform.suite.api.SelectClasspathResource;
    import org.junit.platform.suite.api.Suite;
    public class RunCucumberTest {
    should be replaced by
    import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
    import io.cucumber.junit.Cucumber;
    public class RunCucumberTest {

Nature of the exploitable Squash TM parameters

The exploitable Squash TM parameters will differ depending on whether you're using the Community or Premium version of Squash AUTOM.

Here is a table showing the exploitable parameters (these parameters are transmitted as test parameters, see below, Squash TM does not generate global parameters):

Nature Key Community Premium
Name of the dataset DSNAME βœ… βœ…
Dataset parameter DS_[name] βœ… βœ…
Test case reference TC_REFERENCE βœ… βœ…
Test case internal UUID TC_UUID βœ… βœ…
Test case custom field TC_CUF_[code] βœ… βœ…
Iteration custom field IT_CUF_[code] ❌ βœ…
Campaign custom field CPG_CUF_[code] ❌ βœ…
Test suite custom field TS_CUF_[code] ❌ βœ…


  • [code]: Value of the "Code" of a custom field
  • [name]: Parameter name as filled in Squash TM

As indicated, Squash TM adds a prefix to the code of the transmitted custom field. Make sure to take it into account.

Refer to the Squash TM documentation for more information about custom fields.

Parameters usage

It is possible, when running Cucumber tests, to exploit parameters within it. A parameter can be a test parameter or a global parameter. Squash TM transmits only test parameters. Test parameters and global parameters can be used in Squash DEVOPS with the cucumber/params and cucumber5/params actions.

To do this, the following steps must be followed:

  • Import opentestfactory-java-param-library into the Maven project containing the tests to run by adding to the pom.xml file:

    • the following Maven repository:
            <name>Squashtest repository for releases</name>
    • the following Maven dependency:
  • You can then retrieve the value of a parameter of the desired type using the following syntax:


    The above methods look for the desired parameter in the test parameters; if they cannot find it, they then look for it in the global parameters.
    These methods throw a ParameterNotFoundException if the parameter is not found. If the parameter is found but cannot be converted to the desired type, a ParameterFormatException is thrown. Consider handling these exceptions in your test classes.
    Warning: the conversion of Boolean data returns true when the character string to be converted is equal to "true" (whatever the case), false in all other cases; but never propagates an exception.

  • It is also possible to define a default value in the case where the parameter does not exist by using the following syntax:

    ParameterService.INSTANCE.getString("paramName", defaultValue);
    ParameterService.INSTANCE.getInt("paramName", defaultValue);
    ParameterService.INSTANCE.getFloat("paramName", defaultValue);
    ParameterService.INSTANCE.getDouble("paramName", defaultValue);
    ParameterService.INSTANCE.getBoolean("paramName", defaultValue);

    The above methods therefore do not propagate a ParameterNotFoundException when the parameter sought is not found but propagate a ParameterFormatException if the parameter is found, but cannot be converted to the desired type.

  • It is also possible to target a test parameter or a global parameter with specific methods. As with the previous methods, they are available in versions with and without default values. Here are a few examples:

    ParameterService.INSTANCE.getTestFloat("paramName", defaultValue);
    ParameterService.INSTANCE.getGlobalBoolean("paramName", defaultValue);

Using the name of a Squash TM dataset as a tag

In addition of the parameter usage described above, Squash AUTOM and Squash DEVOPS are able to use the name of a Squash TM dataset as a tag value, allowing to execute a specific dataset of a Cucumber scenario.

In order to achieve this, you will have to follow these steps:

  • Fill the datasets in the Parameters tab of the test case in Squash TM.

  • Create in a Cucumber scenario as many example table as there are dataset in Squash TM test case. Annotate them with a tag corresponding to the name of a Squash TM dataset.

  • Create one line of elements in each example table to set scenario's parameters values for the dataset.

Both Community and Premium versions can use dataset names.


Below is an example of a Cucumber test file and the corresponding Squash TM test case automation:

Cucumber example

Cucumber example

Cucumber example

Generation of Allure reports with the cucumber/cucumber and cucumber5/cucumber actions

When using the cucumber/cucumber and cucumber5/cucumber actions in a PEaC, if you want the Cucumber test results to appear in the Allure report generated for the PEaC, you need to use the JUnit reporter (possibly with other reporters).

Supported versions

Squash AUTOM and Squash DEVOPS have been validated with Cucumber-JVM 4.2.6, 5.7.0, 6.11.0, and 7.0.0. Any recent version should work properly.